Location: Saint Adalbert Cemetery, Niles, Illinois
Features: Monument on cemetery grounds.
History: Before World War One Poland no longer existed as a country. It had been partitioned by surrounding nations, its territory broken apart and ruled by Germany, Austria and Russia. With the outbreak of war in 1914, many hoped that Allied victory would see the restoration of Poland as a sovereign state. The United States entered the war in 1917 and many Polish-Americans volunteered to fight in the US armed forces. Additionally, many Poles from the United States and abroad volunteered to join the ranks of the Blue Army. The Blue Army, or Haller's Army, was an independent unit of Polish soldiers who fought alongside the Allied forces in France with the objective of promoting a free Poland. The name Blue Army was taken from their distinctive blue uniforms, but they were also know as Haller's Army after the name of the Polish General, Jozef Haller, who commanded the unit. With the Allied victory secured in 1918, Poland was restored as a nation. This monument honors those from the Chicago Polish community who served in the United States Armed Forces during the First World War as well as those who volunteered to serve in the Blue Army.
Notes: This is a repost from a survey of Chicago area World War I monuments I published in October 2014 for the 100th anniversary of the start of World War One.
Resources: Haller's Army Website
, Saint Adalbert Cemetery
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